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amaranthus viridis research

2Chemistry Government Girls Degree College, Sheikh, Malton Mardan, Pakistan. Pigweed (Amaranthus viridis L.), belonging to the family Amaranthaceae, is commonly known with different names such as Amaranth, Slender amaranth, Chinese spinach, Caruru, and Tampala. endobj In a low Ca2+ medium (0.5 mM Ca2+), these compounds suppressed the decrease of BR, which was induced by low Ca2+. The object of research is the amaranth plant of three species – forage (Amaranthus caudatus L.), grain (Amaranthus cruentus L.) and decorative (Amaran-thus hipochondriacus L.). Kesan penggunaan gentian mesokarpa terhadap pertumbuhan dan penghasilan bayam hijau (Amaranthus Viridis L.) This research is being done to study the effect of using a planting medium based on mesocarp fibre mixed with top soil to the growth and production of green spinach. Overall, daylily flowers at opening stage possess the highest functional benefit and thus would be the appropriate harvesting stage in view of the nutritional consideration. But both categories were used by humans for traditional medicinal purposes, and some of them were extensively studied by modern science. Flowers densely clustered in elongate spikes. Furthermore, spinasterol suppressed the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of pro-inflammatory enzymes and inflammatory mediators in BV2 microglia. Administration of the extracts was applied to both laboratory animals at the doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight, respectively. Full Length Research Paper Pharmacognostic evaluation of the Amaranthus viridis L. Musharaf Khan1*, Shahana Musharaf2, Mohammad Ibrar1 and Farrukh Hussain1 1Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. K . All rights reserved. ��!14+8��eEo΀Rb*�dP�l� )-��;�P����zY����DA�j�>��\��;\:�=S��6��TNmԴ��X�Z!��C��eɱ>DNK��`�D[ ʄ � �W��|�;���F1�/�%,��. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants.Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. Through bioassay directed fractionation of the. It has been found that the proteins of this plant, like most other plants, are deficient in some essential amino acids. Information will be presented in tables for the convenience of readers, and many structures of natural products are presented. The inflorescence, the flowering part of the plant, is a dense spike of small green flowers. A. viridis contains several compounds like amino acids lysine, arginine, histidine, cystine, phenylalanine, leucine, isoleucine, valine, threonine, methionine, tyrosine etc. Original article submitted March 24, 2013. The highest antioxidant activity was observed at stage III (flower opening) accompanying the highest content of ascorbic acid and phenolic compounds, while no significant difference of β-carotene contents was observed among the four maturity stages. The study concluded that the promising antioxidant capacities of A. viridis extract can further be utilized in various agricultural, pharmaceutical, and food applications. & Throes) and Amaranthus viridis (Linn.) Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. 11. Hence present investigation reveals the antinociceptive and antipyretic activities of methanolic extract of Amaranthus viridis. is a fast-growing herb mainly cultivated in Asia, Africa, Latin America (Amin, Norazaidah, & Hainida, 2006). Quantity and quality of Amaranthus grain from plants in temperate, cold and hot, and subtropical climates--A review. S. Kuznecovs, K. Jegina, I. Kuznecovs. endobj A recent study reported that methanol extracts of A. viridis showed considerable antimicrobial activity against selected bacterial and fungal strains with MIC ranging from 179-645 μg/mL. Title Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. (2010) reported the possibility of seed dispersal via ruminants. %���� The dichloromethane extracts of the air-dried leaves and roots of C. cebuense contain polyprenol and trilinolein, respectively. While studying the fate of Commelina benghalensis L. after simulated rumen digestion, Riar et al. Flower colour; life form. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. In view of the efficacy of these extracts in inhibiting the cytopathic effect (CPE) of measles virus without harming the host, the utilization of the extracts in the formulation of new antiviral drugs is strongly recommended especially when the availability and the very low cost of these vegetables are considered. stream Amaranthaceae plants -medicinal activities Section C-Review AMARANTHACEAE PLANTS OF ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: MEDICINAL ACTIVITIES AND UNIQUE COMPOUNDS, A Comprehensive Review on the Phytoconstituents from Six Species of the Genus Amaranthus, Metabolites of the Vietnamese Plant Amaranthus viridis, Antinociceptive and Antipyretic Activities of Amaranthus Viridis Linn in Different Experimental Models, Virucidal potential of some edible Nigerian vegetables, Antimutagenic terpenes and sterols from Vitex parviflora, Secondary Metabolites of Cinnamomum cebuense, Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Chowlai (Amaranthus viridis L.) leaf and seed extracts, Trilinolein Inhibits Proliferation of Human Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma A549 Through the Modulation of PI3K/Akt Pathway, P9 Inhibition of P-glycoprotein by polyprenol in human breast cancer cells, Amasterol, an ecdysone precursor and a growth inhibitor from Amaranthus viridis, Cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of spinasterol via the induction of heme oxygenase-1 in murine hippocampal and microglial cell lines, Natural Products Derived from Philippine Plants, A new lignan with anti-tumour activity from Polygonum perfoliatum L, Antioxidant properties and involved compounds of daylily flowers in relation to maturity. Ikenaga T, Matuo M, Ohashi H, 1975. 1 0 obj The results showed that A. viridis Vamshi Krishna, M. Manjunath, M. V. Suresh. The seed extracts exhibited superior antioxidant and antimicrobial activity [4]. above sea level. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. Polyprenols are reported to exhibit hepatoprotective effects, while trilinolein is reported to exhibit myocardial protective effects and it inhibits the endothelin-1-induced hypertension. The methanol extract of buckwheat contained principally four flavonol glycosides: rutin, quercetin, kaempferol-3-rutinoside and a trace quantity of a flavonol triglycoside. These results suggest that spinasterol has a therapeutic potential against neurodegenerative diseases that are caused by oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. : 9, Issue. 3. ), Lactuca taraxacifolia (Willd. Amaranthus viridis L. belongs to family (Amaranthaceae) commonly known as “Chowlai” is a common wild vegetable and weed of cultivation. M. ethods The study was conducted in 20172019 on the - territory of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania in two The leaves are mid to light green, deeply veined and alternate. At the present time, 60 species of Amaranthus are documented with Amaranthus viridis popularly known as “tete” in Yoruba being the most widely cultivated vegetable *Corresponding author: Babatunde T. The leaves of Amaranthus are a potential alternative source of betalains because of their betacyanin pigments, and they also show anticancer activity. : 6. Their structures were established by MS, one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments. A. Rideout, C. Y. Ragasa, H. T. Ngo. All the extracts showed dose-dependent antiviral activities. Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) nanocapsules have been previously developed as a carrier system for atrazine. We showed that spinasterol increased the cellular resistance of HT22 cells to oxidative injury caused by the glutamate-induced cytotoxicity by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway-dependent expression of HO-1. Intracellular reactive oxygen species seem to play a role in the trilinolein-induced apoptosis, since ROS were produced early in the trilinolein treatment. Besides, the tested extracts showed considerable antimicrobial activity against selected bacterial and fungal strains with minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) ranging from 179-645 µg/ml. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. In this review article, we will present some ethnomedicinal uses of the plants of this family, along with comprehensive literature survey of medicinal, biological and other activities. The plates were visualized with vanillin–H, Institute of Biology, College of Science, University of the Philippines, Diliman, Quezo, the root extract was rechromatographed in 5% EtOAc in petroleum ether. It was concluded that A. viridis leaf and seed can be explored as a potential source for isolation of antioxidant and antimicrobial agents for uses in functional food and pharmaceuticals. 12. Of 16 flavonoids related in structure with hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6), quercetin, isoquercitrin, rutin, myricetin and myricitrin also increased the BR in the standard medium, while kaempferol and luteorin decreased the BR in the standard medium. (Hue et al., 2017, The methanol extract of the tubers of Polygonum perfoliatum L. afforded a new lignan: 8-oxo-pinoresinol (1), and five known compounds 3',5-dihydroxy-3,4',5',7-tetramethoxy-flavone (2), catechin (3), quercetin (4), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucuronide (5) and rutin (6). 19. endobj Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Journal 22(1): 117-124, 2019. Weed of disturbed areas. View abstract. In the present study, the effects of trilinolein on the growth of non-small cell lung carcinoma A549 were investigated. M. J. Iqbal, S. Hanif, Z. Mahmood, F. Anwar, A. Jamil. <> P. C h a k r a b o r t y. ), Euphorbia lateriflora (Schum. M. aterials and . This weed is mostly found on roadsides and wastelands. ... Phenolic compounds: Two phenolic compounds such as Amaranthine (20) and Isoamaranthine (21) bearing anti-malarial activities are known from the medicinal plant A. spinosus (Figure 4) (Hilou et al. 2006;Stintzing et al. We report herein ... All content in this area was uploaded by Consolacion Ragasa on Feb 09, 2015, 1) Chemistry Department and Center for Natura. Distinguishing features. RM�Wݣ���H�q��Zv"o�y�WO/�v�*����0SĵTr�NN�M��^����i�?���'�X}ß���_��]�bz��we������~�TͤpH^p8+����4��h �&�����y�+��n�� J Integr Med. Weed Research, Japan, 20(4):153-156 (Asteraceae), is involved in various biological activities. C. Y. Ragasa, E. S. Javier, I. G. Tan. The Erode College of Pharmacy and Research Institute, Erode - 638112. 1. The present study was conducted to evaluate the phenolics, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of leaf and seed extracts from an edible herb namely Amaranthus viridis L. The extract yields of active components, produced using pure and aqueous methanol, from the leaves and seeds ranged from 5.4 to 6.0 and 2.4 to 3.7%, respectively. 4 0 obj 51, No. Flowers pale. S . Research and development opportuni-ties on nutritive and nutraceutical properties, produc-tion and commercialization, taxonomic evaluation and breeding perspectives were explored. Saka O. Gbadamosi2 Received: 13 February 2020 / Accepted: 4 March 2020 / Published online: 11 March 2020 Protective actions of Panax notoginseng against cerebral ischemia, beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system, and hemostatic, antioxidant, hypolipidemic, hepatoprotective, renoprotective and estrogen-like activities have been illustrated. Column chromatography of the ethyl acetate extract of the leaves of Vitex parviflora yielded, among others, samples 1 and 2. %PDF-1.7 Keywords Amaranthus Leafy vegetables Nutrients Nutraceutical properties Genetic resources Introduction Africa has experienced mixed progress in reducing A. viridis is a vigorous annual that grows up to around 1 m tall. Food Sci. This paper reports the genetic diversity of three species of Amaranthus (A. hybridus L., A. viridis L. and A. spinosus L.) in Rivers state of Nigeria. In a similar way a screening exercise was carried out to determine the antipyretic potential of the extract using yeast induced pyrexia method in rats. Hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6) did not affect calcium uptake of the myocardial cells, Na+–K+ ATPase activity or Ca2+-ATPase activity of sarcoplasmic reticulum. and to observe the ... M., 2019, The effectiveness of red spinach (Amaranthus tricolor L.) and green spinach (Amaranthus viridis L.) as UV B radiation protection for Bacillus thuringiensis var. The results of the statistical analysis showed that MEAV had significant (p<0.01) dose dependent antinociceptive and antipyretic properties at 200 and 400 mg/kg. It was found that the exposure of A549 cells to trilinolein resulted in the growth inhibition and the induction of apoptosis in a dose- and time- dependent manner. subtilis and Pseudonomas aeruginosa). It has got medicinal properties. In this study, we report the efficacy of spinasterol in effectively modulating the regulation of antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity through the upregulation of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in murine hippocampal HT22 cells and BV2 microglia. They have a long leaf stalk with a broad base tapering to a pointed tip. ethyl-5α-cholesta-7, 22, 25-trien-3β-ol (1b). While some of the plants of this family have important nutritional value, others are considered toxic and/or hazardous weeds and many efforts have been made in controlling them. II. Amaranthus viridis, A. retroflexus, A. hybridus, A. gracilis, A. gangeticus, A. paniculatus, and A. graecizans are wild types. 2 0 obj �����4/5�<3�l�$��*3�Ȼ�.���i�����E[� The subacute toxicity study of the aqueous extract of A. viridis at doses of 200, 400 and 600 mg/kg showed no signs of toxicity on biochemical, hematological or histological parameters. When compared with control, hydroxy-β-sanshool (1b) and xanthoxylin (2) stimulated 13–15 fold calcium uptake of the cultured myocardial cells, which might have caused the positive chronotropic effect. research is to investigate the hydroponic (NFT, DFT, Aeroponic) efficiency on water use using Amaranthus viridis L. as the planted material. The extensive discussion section will focus mainly (but not only) on studies of active compounds production. Amaranthus cruentus: Milling characteristics distribution of nutrient within seed components, and the effects of temperature on nutritional quality. The efficacy of each extract in preventing viral penetration into a living cell as well as its effect on the virus itself and the toxicity of same on the cell were all determined. J. Keywords: ABTS, Amaranthus viridis, Antioxidants, Aqueous extract, Cancer, DPPH. ... Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, New Delhi. The grains were wet cleaned and dried in a hot air oven (SM9053, Uniscope, UK) at 50°C for 8 hr. In vitro Antioxidant Activity and Hypolipidemic Effects of an Ethanol Extract of Amaranthus viridis Leaves on Hyperlipidemic Wistar Albino Rats. It was inactive against Escherichia coli, Staphylococus Amaranthus spp. The more polar, Spinasterol exhibits antitumorigenic, anti-inflammatory [13], antimi. 4. Amaranthus viridis L., known in the Philippines as Spinach Tagalog and Kolitis, is sold in the market as vegetable. A total of sixty five (1-65) phytoconstituents with chemical structures have been reported in this study. Antioxidant compounds, such as phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid and β-carotene were also analysed. A survey study for the use of pesticides and fertilizers was carried out with 740 market gardeners. Our results demonstrated that the most important regulators of trilinolein-induced apoptosis are Bcl-2 family and caspase-3, which are associated with cytochrome c release and dephosphorylation on the Akt signaling pathway. Common name(s) Green Amaranth. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> active against the fungi (Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans) and the bacteria (Bacillus Scientific Name: Amaranthus viridis Root Word: amarantos = unfading, viridis = green Common Name: Slender Amaranth, Green Amaranth Vernacular: Kulites Apaka Synonym: Amaranthus gracilis Desf. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. Carlsson, R. 1980. Year 1986 On the growth and chlorophyll content in the leaves of Amaranthus viridis with sowing the seed once a month through the year. Leaves alternate to 15 cm long. A. retroflexus consists of high number of reported phytoconstituents. of Amaranthus viridis showed no evidence of single dose toxicity (2000 mg/kg) when studying acute toxicity. Extracts from four leaves: Ceratotheca sesamoides (Endl. Amaranthus viridis is a vigorous, erect, branched, annual plant growing 10 - 100cm tall. Amaranthus viridis concentrations of 10 and 15 mg/ml were contaminated but the extract at a low concentration of 5 mg/ml was able to exhibit antiviral activity when the cell was treated with the extract before the virus was added. <>/Metadata 1103 0 R/ViewerPreferences 1104 0 R>> and 2D NMR analyses. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. The flowers of Cucurbita maxima Duch. A sterol isolated from the roots of Amaranthus viridis has been assigned the structure 24-methylene-20- hydroxycholest-5,7-en-3β-ol. This review article is about plants of this family in general and in particular about Amaranthaceae plants of our region. Grain amaranth was an important crop for the preHispanic, New World civilizations. Amaranthus viridis L., known in the Philippines as Spinach Tagalog and Kolitis, is sold in the market as vegetable. British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, ISSN: 2231-2919,Vol. Cinnamomum cebuense Kosterm (Lauraceae) is an endemic and endangered Philippine tree yielded used by local residents as remedy for stomach ache. Safrole is a known hepatocarcinogen, while eugenol is reported to be cytotoxic. and A. viridis. Another study reported the isolation of amasterol, an ecdysone precursor and a growth inhibitor, from the roots of A. viridis [7]. used in Nigeria as edible vegetables were tested for antiviral activities using the measles virus on Human Epidermoid carcinoma (HEP-2) cell line. 3 0 obj 2013;11(3):206-12. Chromatographic separation of the dicloromethane extract of the bark of C. cebuense gave rise to safrole and eugenol which were identified by NMR spectroscopy. Trilinolein has been identified as one of the active constituents isolated from Panax notoginseng used widely in traditional Chinese medicine. Significant variation in, An analytical method for flavonoids present in the seed extract of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench, Polygonaceae), using HPLC and a photodiode array detector and interfaced to an electrospray ionisation mass spectrometer, has been developed. Spinasterol also suppressed the production of nitric oxide (NO), prostaglandin E2 (PGE₂), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) through extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway-dependent expression of HO-1. 1, NMR spectra were recorded on a Varian VNMRS spectrometer in CDCl, C NMR spectra. These were bioassayed with the micronucleus test and were found to be antimutagenic. The present study was conducted to evaluate the phenolics, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of leaf and seed extracts from an edible herb namely Amaranthus viridis L. The extract yields of active components, produced using pure and aqueous methanol, from the leaves and seeds ranged from 5.4 to 6.0 and 2.4 to 3.7%, respectively. proceedings of 54th ththe iier international conference, beijing, china, 13 january 2016, isbn: 978-93-82702-35-1 10 qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analysis and antioxidant potential of amaranthus viridis l. from pakistan 1sehrish sadia, 2zia ur rehman mashwani, 3humara amin, 4arshad ali shedayi, 5jin-tun zhang, 6xiaohang bai, 7brian gagosh nayyar, 8paras mazari Weed Research, Japan, 21(1):6-11. It is reported to exhibit antiviral and anticancer properties [1] and antinociceptive activity [2]. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Original-research-article. Amaranthus – is the scientific name of Kulitis CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Kulitis Kulitis (Amaranthus viridis L. ) is alleged to originate from the lowland Tropical South and Central America and it was introduced into other warm places of the world. Efficiency on water use was measured by comparing the water use on hydroponic with the control during the plant growing period. 7. The objective of this review is to consider the phytoconstituents from six species under the genus Amaranthus (A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. viridis, A. caudatus, A. hypocondriacus and A. tricolor). In addition to general chemical composition that was presented in previous cited publications, two more interesting articles did the same. Their structures were elucidated by extensive 1D Trilinolein treatment induced the upregulation of pro-apoptotic Bax, downregulation of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 expression, which was associated with the proteolytic activation of caspases and the concomitant degradation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein. Moreover, the activity of PI3K/Akt was downregulated in trilinolein-treated cells. �kI&�D��dt�pR�t��߿��?M���{|p����dBHY�������u5!VO)%<=Um�y%'�k����5��7�~N��M�����/���xt�VP^�zBXIaHՂ�S4�Y��dLE�BB0������8V�i]H�o8���M�ñq�(�� I1� ����F�D�K&&�.���ߋ�� 5ߗ�;mJ��3V2����;��O���Wt0y����᫋���O�{:��0;;�L�g{��*�Fxt��PEZRr1��,5�R+$��K����O^"N x��=َ9���zY@9p��W2��Q��>��]�م=r�\�i��R�ݞ?ڷ��m��~�2�gf�u���7�j)�"���d�f����>�����h�����;?��Ã��/fNj�Y�8? Amaranthus viridis Linn is a common summer weed found every where. {���m����w�������'���߫� Spinasterol, which is isolated from the aerial parts of Aster scaber Thunb. Amaranthus viridis . Herb to about 40 cm tall. Conclusions and future research recommendations are also presented. R o y, A . E. lateriflora only inhibited the virus activity at very high concentrations of 15 mg/ml when the virus was treated with the extract and also when the HEP-2 cell was treated with the extract before the virus suspension was added. Antimicrobial activity tests on sample 1 indicated that it was slightly The inhibitory action of the extracts from C. sesamoides and L. taraxacifolia were greatest at high concentrations of 15 mg/ml when the virus had already penetrated the cell. Of the parts tested, the seed extracts exhibited superior antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. The extracts contained appreciable levels of total phenolic contents (1.03 to 3.64 GAE, g/100 g) and total flavonoid contents (18.4 – 5.42 QE, g/100 g) and also exhibited good 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity as revealed by IC 50 (14.25 -83.43 µg/ml). Amaranthus viridis is an ecumenical species in the botanical family of Amaranthaceae, which has been traditionally used to treat several skin diseases along with some antilipidemic activities. J. Earlier studies reported the isolation of quercetin and lutein [5] and rutin and β-carotene [6] from A. viridis. Column chromatography was performed with, silica gel 60 (70–230 mesh), while TLC was performed with plastic backe, . R. K. Obi, I. I. Iroagba, O. Four individual phenolics, such as (+)-catechin, chlorogenic acid, rutin and quercetin were identified and quantified by HPLC. Amaranthus viridis L. seeds were reported to be dispersed by manure in upland DSR agroecosystems in the Philippines (Galinato et al., 1999). Vegetable amaranths grow very well in the hot, humid regions of Africa, South-east Asia, Southern China, and India; they are represented by various amaranth species, such as A. tricolor, A. dubius, A. cruentus, A. edulis, A. retroflexus, A. viridis, and A. hybridus. aureus, and Trichophyton mentagrophytes. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Another study reported that after treatment with A. viridis methanol extract, normal and streptozotocin induced diabetic rats exhibited a significant increase in body weight and a decrease in blood glucose, total cholesterol, and serum triglycerides [3]. Compound 1 showed cytotoxicity against human mammary, The antioxidant properties of methanol extracts from daylily flowers during maturation were determined with antioxidant assays, including antioxidant activity, DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging, superoxide anion radical scavenging and reducing power. Both extracts significantly increased the BR. Determination of the constituents of these samples by NMR analyses indicated the presence of phytol 1a in sample 1, with lupeol 1b and β-amyrin 1c as impurities (< 10%) and sitosterol (2a) and stigmasterol (2b) in sample 2. extracts, hydroxy-β-sanshool (1b), xanthoxylin (2) and two quercetin glycosides, hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6), were found to increase the BR in a standard medium (2.1 mM Ca2+). The aim of this study was to investigate the levels of POPs in irrigation water, soil and in Amaranthus viridis (A. viridis) from different gardening sites in Kinshasa to evaluate the potential environmental and human health risks. Occasionally the plant may become a short-lived perennial[299. <> (+)-Catechin was the main phenolic compound identified in daylily flowers, accounting for about 74.11% of total phenolics. Result obtained from this research showed high rate of diversity. of. Spikes green, perianth segments 3. Amaranthus viridis grains were cultivated by National Horticultural Research Institute (NIHORT), Kano, Nigeria and matured grains were collected after 14 weeks (April to July, 2015). However, the efficacy of this nanoformulation against weeds commonly found in crop cultures has not been tested yet. This research aimed to study the effectiveness of red and green spinach as UVB protection for Btk. Amaranthus viridis is a plant that is very widely distributed in our country, grows easily, and is eaten by low-income groups. antioxidant properties and involved compounds was observed between different maturity stages of daylily flowers. Structural information about the flavonols was obtained from the retention time characteristics, the UV-visible spectra and the mass spectra without, In the course of our studies on naturally occurring cardioactive agents, we investigated the effects of water and methanol extracts of a Chinese crude drug “Huajiao” the dried fruit of Zanthoxylum bungeanum, on the spontaneous beating rate (BR) of embryonic mouse myocardial cell sheets in culture. 2004). CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the dissertation work entitled “NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF LEAVES OF AMARANTHUS VIRIDIS.L IN RATS & MICE” submitted by Register On the germination of Amaranthus viridis. A. Ojiako. D u t t a , D . Botanical Name : Amaranthus viridis L. Common Name : Dhimbdo, Green Amaranth Plant Family : Amaranthaceae Plant Form : Herb Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 5, 18, 27, 30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Sarita Udyan, Infocity About Amaranthus viridis Plant : Habit : Erect or diffuse annual unarmed herbs, simple or branched, 20 - 80cm tall. 1. Abstract. O. D. Omodamiro 1*, M. A. Jimoh 2 and P. U. Ezurike 1. Amaranthaceae family is one of the largest and most diverse in the plant kingdom. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … been reported to have anticancer activities. afforded a 4:1 mixture of spinasterol (1a) and 24- the need to isolate the individual compounds. carcinoma (Bcap-37), human colon carcinoma (RKO), human hepatocellular carcinoma (SMMC-7721), human prostate carcinoma (PC3) and human erythroleukaemia (K562) cells. 46: 1181. Studies on the physiology and ecology of Amaranthus viridis. ex Poiret Similar Species: Amaranthus spinosus L. Origin: probably native to Old World tropics, early introduction to Pacific Islands Weed Category: Broadleaves Methanolic extract of whole plant of Amaranthus viridis L (MEAV), was screened for antinociceptive activity using acetic acid induced writhing test, hot plate test and tail immersion test in mice.

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