local name of dandelion
In contrast to the sexual diploids, the pairing of chromosomes at metaphase I in triploid apomicts is strongly reduced.  Dandelions are also important plants for Northern Hemisphere bees, providing an important source of nectar and pollen early in the season. In Crete, the leaves of a variety called 'Mari' (Μαρί), 'Mariaki' (Μαριάκι), or 'Koproradiko' (Κοπροράδικο) are eaten by locals, either raw or boiled, in salads. Raw dandelion greens contain high amounts of vitamins A, C, and K, and are moderate sources of calcium, potassium, iron, and manganese. Here are some of the key dandelion identification features to look for: Dandelions have many uses including as a diuretic, the blanched leaves can be added to salads, roots are used to make dandelion ‘coffee’ and dandelion wine is made from the flowers. Dandelion Dandelion (c) AltNature 2006 Taraxacum officinale. Overview Information Dandelion is an herb that is native to Europe.  In collaboration with Continental AG, IME is building a pilot facility. | Alaska Natural Heritage Program", "The biology of Canadian weeds.  It is considered a noxious weed in some jurisdictions, and is considered to be a nuisance in residential and recreational lawns in North America. This allows the plume of seeds to close up and reduce the chance to separate from the stem, waiting for optimal conditions that will maximize dispersal and germination.. Dandelion greens themselves are high in iron, calcium, Vitamins A, C, K and B2 among other vitamins and minerals, and at one point were used for medicine.  Dandelions were brought to North America on the Mayflower for their medicinal benefits. It grows in a tropical climate. Dandelion Herbal use and Possible Benefits. When roasted it makes an ideal caffeine-free coffee substitute. In 1880 there were 4 Dandelion families living in Massachusetts. If Lion is King of the Jungle, and Rose the Queen of the Garden, Dandelion is Princess of the lawn. Other plants with superficially similar flowers include hawkweeds (Hieracium) and hawksbeards (Crepis). , The second group consists of polyploid (mostly triploid) apomicts, meaning that both a viable embryo as well as a functional endosperm is formed without prior fertilization.  The seeds remain viable in the seed bank for many years, with one study showing germination after nine years. 1 Alchemy 2 Craft Usage 3 Character Ascension Usage 4 Weapon Ascension Usage Shackles of the Dandelion Gladiator is used for the following Character Ascensions: No Results Shackles of the Dandelion Gladiator is used for the following Weapon Ascensions:  Some botanists take a much narrower view and only accept a total of about 60 species. The dried petals and stamens drop off, the bracts reflex (curve backwards), and the parachute ball opens into a full sphere. In Lithuanian, it is known as "Pienė", meaning "milky", because of the white latex that is produced when the stems are cut. T. megalorhizon, a species endemic to Crete, is eaten in the same way; it is found only at high altitudes (1000 to 1600 metres, 3000' to 5000') and in fallow sites, and is called pentaramia (πενταράμια) or agrioradiko (αγριοράδικο).. - Maskrosor", "The influence of livestock management on habitat quality for farmland birds", "Companion Planting for Vegetables & Plants", "Welcome to Main Street White Sulphur Springs...Make it home", "Fraunhofer and Continental come together when the dandelion rubber meets the road", "Linglong to fund research into dandelion rubber | Rubber and Plastics News", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taraxacum&oldid=990982702, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2017, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2014, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. With a wide range of uses, the dandelion is cultivated in small gardens to massive farms. (local)206-545-8892 (toll-free) 1-877-778-4869 Dandelion's Hours are: 10:00AM to 6:00PM Fridays and Saturdays for walk-in customers 10:00AM to 6:00PM Monday through Saturday for Telephone orders Closed Sundays 24 hours a day, seven days a week for online orders. Local address Χρυσοστόμου Σμύρνης 17, 546 22. Dandelion seeds are dropped after using an Anemo (Wind) attack on a Dandelion … It is perennial. This species is a somewhat prolific seed producer, with 54 to 172 seeds produced per head, and a single plant can produce more than 5,000 seeds a year. Fetters of the Dandelion Gladiator is used for the following Character Ascensions: No Results Fetters of the Dandelion Gladiator is used for the following Weapon Ascensions: Learn more. ‘Golden Lads’ is a Warwickshire dialect name for a Dandelion flower-head and ‘chimney sweep’ is the local name for a dandelion seed-head. Taraxacum officinale G. H. Weber ex Wiggers", "Taraxacum officinale complex (dandelion)", "The Diuretic Effect in Human Subjects of an Extract of Taraxacum officinale Folium over a Single Day", Project Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Taraxacum_officinale&oldid=991122464, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2020, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from April 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 11:08. Gerard of Cremona, in translating Arabic to Latin around 1170, spelled it tarasacon. Dandelion takes its name from a French term “dent de lion”. Use the vibrant yellow flowers of the dandelion to make wine, to infuse vinegar, oils, and honey, or to make tea. Thank you for commenting. The seedhead is shown below it. In Czech it is known as pampeliška where the "liška" part directly translates to a "fox", possibly due to the colour of the flower. Appearance Dandelion has a rosette of basal leaves sprouting from a stout tap root and exudes a milky latex when damaged. Example: Incremental Git repository deployment. Wigg", "Taraxacum campylodes G.E.Haglund — The Plant List", "Definition of "blowball" - Collins English Dictionary", "dandelion clock - Definition from Longman English Dictionary Online", "Clock dictionary definition - clock defined", "Competition for pollinators and intra-communal spectral dissimilarity of flowers", "Taraxacum officinale in Flora of North America @", "Ecological and evolutionary opportunities of apomixis: insights from, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, "ITIS Standard Report Page: Taraxacum officinale", "PLANTS Profile for Taraxacum officinale ssp. The flower petals, along with other ingredients, usually including citrus, are used to make dandelion wine. Dandelion plant (Taraxacum officinale) is not wild lettuce (Lactuca capensis) called "efo yanrin" or "yanrin oko" in Yoruba. Gledhill, David (2008). A cup of dandelion … Taraxacum kok-saghyz was first discovered in the Soviet Union in 1932. Schinz ex Thellung which is commonly called common dandelion, fleshy dandelion, horned dandelion or rough dandelion. The roots of the dandelion are a particularly good source of fiber.  It may be related to the Greek word ταρασσω (tarasso) meaning to disturb.  A 100 gram (3 1⁄2oz) reference amount supplies 45 calories. Ensure that Ruby >= 1.9.2 is installed, then run: $ gem install dandelion Config. A perennial plant, its leaves grow back if the taproot is left intact. Raw leaves have a slightly bitter taste. , Dandelion pollen may cause allergic reactions when eaten, or adverse skin reactions in sensitive individuals. 117. In Silesia and other parts of Poland and the world, dandelion flowers are used to make a honey substitute syrup with added lemon (so-called May-honey). , Dandelions are harvested from the wild or grown on a small scale as a leaf vegetable. Usually the young leaves and unopened buds are eaten raw in salads, while older leaves are cooked. The Persian scientist and philosopher Ibn Sīnā around 1000 CE wrote a book chapter on Taraxacum. To make leaves more palatable, they are often blanched to remove bitterness, or sauteed in the same way as spinach. Botanical names have been linked to an external site for further detail, the sites of choice being PROTA- Plant Resources of Tropical Africa (use Prota4U for search screen, or PROTA4U article list) & West African Plants - A Photo Guide (follow African Plant Database link below photos for description). Traditionally, dandelion roots and leaves were used to support the liver. The leaves (called dandelion greens) can be eaten cooked or raw in various forms, such as in soup or salad. The blooms are an important source of nectar for bees, butterflies, and other pollinators. The flower head is surrounded by bracts (sometimes mistakenly called sepals) in two series. Name Derivation. The plants introduced to North America are triploids that reproduce by obligate gametophytic apomixis Some authorities recognize three subspecies of Taraxacum officinale including:, Two of them have been introduced and established in Alaska and the third (ssp. [verification needed], The Latin specific epithet officinale refers to the Latin word for 'medicinal' or 'of the apothecaries'. In the southwestern U.S., in Spanish speaking communities practicing herbalism, dandelion is called 'chicoria' or 'diente de leon.' If you are gathering dandelions it’s …  Knowing how healthful dandelion greens are for us and our animals to eat, it should come as no surprise that dandelions can be used in herbal fertilizer to give back to your garden as well. 04 of 05. Dandelion and burdock is a soft drink that has long been popular in the United Kingdom. It is native to Canada and the western US.  Dandelions have been used by humans for food and as an herb for much of recorded history. It grows up to 30 Cm. 2. Available in retail and bulk sizes. These balls are usually called "clocks" in both British and American English. , The species of Taraxacum are tap-rooted, perennial, herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere. The leaves, the flowers and the roots are edible. If you take a close look, you’ll notice that dandelion flowers actually consist of masses of tiny flowers, or florets.  Dandelion was also traditionally used to make the traditional British soft drink dandelion and burdock, and is one of the ingredients of root beer. They are loaded with micro-nutrients that most soils need. The Alterative action of Dandelion is most suited to the Lower Gastrointestinal Tract. Reply. Another recipe using the plant is dandelion flower jam. The yellow flower heads lack receptacle bracts and all the flowers, which are called florets, are ligulate and bisexual. The Welsh (dant-y-llew), German (Löwenzahn), Norwegian (løvetann), Portuguese (dente de leão) and Spanish (diente de león) names mean the same as the French and the English names.
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